The most common ear abnormalities are microtia and prominent ears. These conditions usually happen with other facial growth problems in your child. Microtia means that one or both of your child's ears is small and undeveloped. This issue will be present at your child's birth. Treatment and surgery for microtia begins after age 7. Prominent ears mean that your child's ears stick out very noticeably from his head. If needed, your doctor will perform an otoplasty to pin ears back closer to the head or reduce their size. Otoplasty is the most common reconstructive procedure for children.
Your pediatric reconstructive surgeon may work with your pediatric dermatologist to treat your child's vascular birthmarks. Many birthmarks do not require surgery. When the birthmarks are more challenging, they can appear as large legions. The surgeon will work with a team of other specialists to find out if your child would benefit from birthmark removal surgery.
Some babies are born with syndactyly, which causes two or more fingers to be fused together, or duplication of fingers. Both of these conditions can be fixed by pediatric reconstructive surgeons.
Traumatic injuries from accidents, burns and other unexpected events may need surgery to restore appearance or function. Reconstructive surgeons can reshape bone, repair soft tissue and skin and use implants to rebuild facial structures. Deep cuts, animal bites and scars can also be treated by these specialists.
Your child may require reconstructive surgery if he has deformities of the skull, closing the palate or rebuilding facial features in the jaw and skull. Your child's face and skull is so important to so many parts of his life, so your doctor will work on a team including:
A coordinated team can make sure your child receives the best pre-surgery and follow-up care possible.
The most common craniofacial issues reconstructive surgeons treat are: