Acne is caused by the build-up of oil, dead skin cells and bacteria in the skin. Teenagers often get acne when hormones become active during puberty. The chance your child will get acne is increased if it runs in your family.
Even though many teens get acne, it does not need to be ignored. Severe acne can have harsh effects on your teenager's self-image and self-esteem. Pediatric dermatologists understand that acne is tied to appearance and confidence. They will try to create a plan that will ease your child through this difficult period.
Eczema is a dry skin rash that appears in the form of dry scaly skin or tiny red bumps on the skin. It usually appears on the scalp, face and at joints, but can spread to other parts of the body. About 20% of babies and children develop the condition. It may be inherited and can be worsened by allergies and asthma.
During an eczema flare-up, skin may feel hot and itchy. Your child may scratch so much that his skin becomes tougher and darker in color. Flare-ups can be caused by environmental allergens and emotional stress.
Eczema may be treated with prescription ointments and pills. The condition cannot be cured, but flare-ups can be prevented. Eczema usually clears up before age 25.
Children with vitiligo have loss of skin pigment, which causes white patches to appear on their skin. No one knows why this happens. It affects people of both sexes and all races. The condition is not medically dangerous.
Our pediatric dermatologists can diagnose vitiligo by looking at the skin. There is no cure for vitiligo. Some patches resolve without treatment, but many require ultraviolet treatment, creams and cosmetics. Your dermatologist will create a plan that will best treat your child's condition.
Even though vitiligo is not medically dangerous to your child, it can affect his self-esteem and self-confidence. Counselors and other resources are available to your child if he is experiencing withdrawal, depression or anxiety in relation to his vitiligo.
Psoriasis causes skin cells to build up on the surface of the skin. The build-up forms itchy red patches and thick scales most commonly on the scalp, knees, elbows and torso. It is a chronic condition that may disappear and come back at random.
If your child has psoriasis, he may have the following symptoms:
- Red patches of skin with silvery scales
- Dry, cracked skin that may bleed
- Itching, soreness or a burning sensation
- Thick fingernails
The dermatologist will inspect your child's skin, scalp and nails. Sometimes, he will remove a small piece of skin to conduct a biopsy on it. The treatment for psoriasis includes creams and ointments. It can also be improved by changes in lifestyle, including eating better, improved hygiene habits and spending time in natural light.