Teens

  • PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis)

    PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis) What Is PrEP? PrEP stands for pre-exposure prophylaxis. It is when someone takes medicines every day to lower his or her chances of getting HIV. Who Should Take PrEP? Only people at very high risk for getting HIV should take PrEP, such as: those who are in a sexual relationship with someone who is HIV-positive men who have sex with other men and have had anal sex without a condom men who have sex ...
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  • Thrombocytopenia

    Thrombocytopenia What Is Thrombocytopenia? Thrombocytopenia (pronounced: throm-buh-sye-tuh-PEE-nee-uh) is when there are fewer than normal platelets in the bloodstream. Platelets are tiny colorless cells in the blood that help the blood clot. Like all blood cells, platelets are made in the bone marrow (the spongy inner part of bones). What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Thrombocytopenia? A person with a platelet ...
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  • Strokes

    Strokes What Are Strokes? A stroke (sometimes called a "brain attack") happens when blood flow to the brain stops, even for a second. Blood carries oxygen and other important substances to the body's cells and organs, including the brain. In an ischemic (pronounced: ih-SKEE-mik) stroke, these substances can't get to the brain and brain cells die. This can permanently damage the brain and make a person's ...
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  • Compression Fracture of the Spine

    Compression Fracture of the Spine What Is a Compression Fracture of the Spine? The vertebrae (or "vertebral bodies") are the bones that form the spinal column. A compression fracture of the spine describes a collapse of one or more of these bones. How Do Compression Fractures of the Spine Happen? Anyone can get a compression fracture of the spine from a serious fall or car accident. People with weakened bones can get ...
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  • Side Effects of Chemotherapy and Radiation

    Side Effects of Chemotherapy and Radiation What Is Cancer? Cancer happens when cells divide and multiply much faster than most normal cells. Uncontrolled cell growth can lead to masses of cancer cells called tumors, or to a situation where healthy cells are crowded out and can no longer do their jobs efficiently. What Are Side Effects? Chemotherapy (or "chemo") and radiation therapy are the two most common types of cancer treatment. They ...
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  • What to Do in an Emergency

    What to Do in an Emergency Emergencies happen when we least expect them, and they need fast thinking and action. Here are some things to know to help you be ready. When to Call 911 A 911 emergency is when someone needs help right away because of an injury or an immediate danger. For example, call 911 if: there's a fire someone is unconscious after an accident, drinking too much, or an overdose of pills or drugs someone has ...
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  • Splints

    Splints What Is a Splint? A splint is a support device made of hard material that keeps an injured area from moving. What Are Splints Made of? A splint can be plastic, metal, plaster, or fiberglass. The material may come pre-made in a particular size or it may be moldable into a custom shape. Splints can be just one piece of material or several. What Do Splints Do? Splints hold bones and joints in place ...
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  • Comminuted Fractures

    Comminuted Fractures What Is a Comminuted Fracture? A comminuted (pronounced: kah-muh-NOOT-ed) fracture is a type of broken bone. The bone is broken into more than two pieces. How Do Comminuted Fractures Happen? It takes a lot of force for someone to get a comminuted fracture. A car accident or serious fall, for instance, can cause this type of fracture. How Are Comminuted Fractures Treated? Someone who gets a ...
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  • Buckle Fractures

    Buckle Fractures What Is a Buckle Fracture? A buckle (or torus ) fracture is a type of broken bone. One side of a bone bends, raising a little buckle, without breaking the other side of the bone. Who Gets Buckle Fractures? Teens don't usually get buckle fractures. Most of these fractures happen in kids under 10 years old. That's because their bones are softer and more flexible. The injury makes their bones bend ...
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  • Greenstick Fractures

    Greenstick Fractures What Is a Greenstick Fracture? A greenstick fracture is a type of broken bone. A bone cracks on one side only, not all the way through the bone. It is called a "greenstick" fracture because it can look like a branch that has broken and splintered on one side. Who Gets Greenstick Fractures? Most greenstick fractures happen in kids younger than 10 years old because their bones are softer ...
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