Parents

  • What Is Acute Flaccid Myelitis?

    What Is Acute Flaccid Myelitis? I keep reading alarming news about this polio-like disease acute flaccid myelitis. Is it getting more common? What should parents watch for? – Colette Your concern is understandable. Acute flaccid myelitis (my-uh-LYE-tiss) is in the news because of recent outbreaks. It's often described as " polio -like" because it can paralyze the arms and legs. What Is Acute Flaccid Myelitis? Acute ...
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  • Noonan Syndrome

    Noonan Syndrome What Is Noonan Syndrome? Noonan syndrome is a condition that some babies are born with. It causes changes in the face and chest, usually includes heart problems, and slightly raises a child's risk of blood cancer ( leukemia ). Noonan syndrome is a pretty common condition, affecting 1 in 1,000–2,500 babies. What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Noonan Syndrome? Most children with Noonan syndrome ...
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  • Sleep Study (Polysomnogram)

    Sleep Study (Polysomnogram) What Is a Sleep Study? A sleep study (also called a polysomnogram ) helps doctors diagnose sleep problems. It is an overnight test that can record a variety of body functions while a child sleeps. Why Is a Sleep Study Done? Doctors recommend a sleep study for kids who may have sleep problems such as: obstructive sleep apnea periodic limb movement disorder restless leg syndrome narcolepsy How ...
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  • Blood Types

    Blood Types Blood transfusions are a lifesaving treatment for many Americans. Blood transfusions are needed for many reasons, including surgery, after accidents, and for patients with chronic illnesses and cancer. Blood cannot be artificially made, so doctors rely on volunteer donations. To keep the blood supply safe, every donation is tested for blood type and checked for infectious diseases. What Are the ...
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  • How Can Parents Help Prevent Concussions?

    How Can Parents Help Prevent Concussions? I keep reading about how common concussions are in kids and teens and how serious they can be. What can I do to help protect my kids? – Edie A concussion is an injury to the brain that causes temporary changes in the way the brain works. Concussions happen when someone has a blow to the head or the head is shaken back and forth with great force. Concussion Safety in Sports Sports-related ...
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  • Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

    Ataxic Cerebral Palsy What Is Ataxic Cerebral Palsy? Cerebral palsy (CP) affects muscle movement and control. People with cerebral palsy have it for life. Ataxic CP is one type of cerebral palsy. Kids with ataxic cerebral palsy have trouble with balance. They may walk with their legs farther apart than other kids. And they can have trouble knowing exactly where something is. They might think it is closer or farther ...
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  • Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy

    Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy What Is Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy? Cerebral palsy (CP) affects muscle movement and control. People with cerebral palsy have it for life. Dyskinetic CP (also called athetoid CP ) is one type of cerebral palsy. Kids with dyskinetic CP have trouble controlling muscle movement. They have twisting, abrupt movements. Other types of cerebral palsy can lead to stiff muscles ( spastic CP ) or problems with ...
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  • Spastic Cerebral Palsy

    Spastic Cerebral Palsy What Is Spastic Cerebral Palsy? Cerebral palsy (CP) affects muscle movement and control. People with CP have it for life. There are different types of cerebral palsy. Spastic CP is the most common. Kids with spastic CP have stiff muscles. These may be in the upper part of the body, the lower part, or both. They can be on one or both sides of the body. Other types of cerebral palsy can lead to ...
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  • Medulloblastoma

    Medulloblastoma What Is Medulloblastoma? Medulloblastoma (meh-dull-oh-blass-TOE-muh) is a cancerous type of brain tumor. It develops in the cerebellum, a part of the brain near the bottom of the skull. Medulloblastoma can spread to the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). Most brain tumors in children are medulloblastoma. What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Medulloblastoma? Sometimes brain cells ...
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  • Arthrogryposis

    Arthrogryposis What Is Arthrogryposis? Arthrogryposis (ar-throw-grih-POE-sis) is when children have stiffness and loss of motion in more than one joint. Babies are born with arthrogryposis, and it is usually permanent. But medical experts can help kids get the best range of motion their stiff joints will allow. What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Arthrogryposis? The joint stiffness that happens with ...
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