Section: Teens - posted in 2018

  • Strokes

    Strokes What Are Strokes? A stroke (sometimes called a "brain attack") happens when blood flow to the brain stops, even for a second. Blood carries oxygen and other important substances to the body's cells and organs, including the brain. In an ischemic (pronounced: ih-SKEE-mik) stroke, these substances can't get to the brain and brain cells die. This can permanently damage the brain and make a person's ...
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  • Compression Fracture of the Spine

    Compression Fracture of the Spine What Is a Compression Fracture of the Spine? The vertebrae (or "vertebral bodies") are the bones that form the spinal column. A compression fracture of the spine describes a collapse of one or more of these bones. How Do Compression Fractures of the Spine Happen? Anyone can get a compression fracture of the spine from a serious fall or car accident. People with weakened bones can get ...
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  • Side Effects of Chemotherapy and Radiation

    Side Effects of Chemotherapy and Radiation What Is Cancer? Cancer happens when cells divide and multiply much faster than most normal cells. Uncontrolled cell growth can lead to masses of cancer cells called tumors, or to a situation where healthy cells are crowded out and can no longer do their jobs efficiently. What Are Side Effects? Chemotherapy (or "chemo") and radiation therapy are the two most common types of cancer treatment. They ...
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  • What to Do in an Emergency

    What to Do in an Emergency Emergencies happen when we least expect them, and they need fast thinking and action. Here are some things to know to help you be ready. When to Call 911 A 911 emergency is when someone needs help right away because of an injury or an immediate danger. For example, call 911 if: there's a fire someone is unconscious after an accident, drinking too much, or an overdose of pills or drugs someone has ...
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  • Splints

    Splints What Is a Splint? A splint is a support device made of hard material that keeps an injured area from moving. What Are Splints Made of? A splint can be plastic, metal, plaster, or fiberglass. The material may come pre-made in a particular size or it may be moldable into a custom shape. Splints can be just one piece of material or several. What Do Splints Do? Splints hold bones and joints in place ...
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  • Comminuted Fractures

    Comminuted Fractures What Is a Comminuted Fracture? A comminuted (pronounced: kah-muh-NOOT-ed) fracture is a type of broken bone. The bone is broken into more than two pieces. How Do Comminuted Fractures Happen? It takes a lot of force for someone to get a comminuted fracture. A car accident or serious fall, for instance, can cause this type of fracture. How Are Comminuted Fractures Treated? Someone who gets a ...
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  • Buckle Fractures

    Buckle Fractures What Is a Buckle Fracture? A buckle (or torus ) fracture is a type of broken bone. One side of a bone bends, raising a little buckle, without breaking the other side of the bone. Who Gets Buckle Fractures? Teens don't usually get buckle fractures. Most of these fractures happen in kids under 10 years old. That's because their bones are softer and more flexible. The injury makes their bones bend ...
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  • Greenstick Fractures

    Greenstick Fractures What Is a Greenstick Fracture? A greenstick fracture is a type of broken bone. A bone cracks on one side only, not all the way through the bone. It is called a "greenstick" fracture because it can look like a branch that has broken and splintered on one side. Who Gets Greenstick Fractures? Most greenstick fractures happen in kids younger than 10 years old because their bones are softer ...
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  • How Broken Bones Heal

    How Broken Bones Heal Broken bones have an amazing ability to heal, especially in young people. New bone forms within a few weeks of the injury, although full healing can take longer. How Do Casts & Splints Help Broken Bones Heal? Casts and splints hold broken bones in place while they heal. In about a month or so, new hard bone has formed and the cast or splint usually can come off. After the cast or splint comes ...
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  • First Aid: Broken Bones

    First Aid: Broken Bones Broken bones (or fractures) are a common injury, especially after a fall. No matter what part might be broken or how big or small the injury may seem, all broken bones need medical care. Here's what to do if you or someone you are with might have a broken bone. Signs & Symptoms of a Broken Bone A bone might be broken if: you heard a "snap" or a grinding noise during an injury there's swelling, ...
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