Section: Parents - posted in 2019

  • Bow Legs (Genu Varum)

    Bow Legs (Genu Varum) What Are Bow Legs? Bow legs (or genu varum) is when the legs curve outward at the knees while the feet and ankles touch. Infants and toddlers often have bow legs. Sometimes, older kids do too. It's rarely serious and usually goes away without treatment, often by the time a child is 3–4 years old. What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Bow Legs? Bow legs don't usually bother young children because ...
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  • Shin Splints

    Shin Splints What Are Shin Splints? Shin splints are pain on the inner part of the shinbone. They're usually brought on by running or another high-impact activity. Shin splints get better with rest and do not cause lasting problems. What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Shin Splints? People with shin splints have pain along the inner edge of the shinbone. The pain is usually during or right after activity. Shin ...
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  • Repetitive Stress Injuries in Sports

    Repetitive Stress Injuries in Sports What Are Repetitive Stress Injuries? Repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) happen when movements are repeated over and over, causing damage to a bone, tendon, or joint. What Causes Repetitive Stress Injuries in Sports? Repeated motions in sports cause many RSIs (or overuse injuries ). RSIs are most likely to happen in kids and teens in the area of growth plates. A growth plate is a layer of cartilage ...
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  • Growth Plates

    Growth Plates What Is a Growth Plate? Growth plates are the areas of new bone growth in children and teens. They're made up of cartilage, a rubbery, flexible material (the nose, for instance, is made of cartilage). Most growth plates are near the ends of long bones. Long bones are bones that are longer than they are wide. They include: the femur (thighbone) the lower legs (tibia and fibula) the forearm (radius ...
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  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)

    Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee) What Is Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome? Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFP syndrome) is pain in and around the kneecap (patella). PFP syndrome is also called "runner's knee." Rest and exercises that stretch and strengthen the hips and legs can help PFP syndrome get better. What Causes PFP Syndrome? Patellofemoral (peh-tel-oh-FEM-er-ul) pain syndrome is an overuse disorder. These happen when someone ...
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  • Growth Hormone Deficiency

    Growth Hormone Deficiency What Is Growth Hormone? Growth hormone (GH) is a substance in the body that helps kids grow and develop in the as they should. It is made by the pituitary gland, located at the bottom of the brain. What Is Growth Hormone Deficiency? GH deficiency is when the body does not make enough growth hormone to allow a child to grow at a normal pace. The two kinds of GH deficiency are: Congenital GH ...
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  • Fetal Abdominal Cyst

    Fetal Abdominal Cyst What Is a Fetal Abdominal Cyst? A fetal abdominal cyst is a bubble of fluid in a balloon-like bag in an unborn baby's belly. What Happens With a Fetal Abdominal Cyst? A fetus can have one fetal abdominal cyst, or more. The most common types include: enteric (en-TARE-ik) duplication cysts: these form when the digestive tract splits as it's forming mesenteric (mez-en-TARE-ik) cysts: these form in ...
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  • Fetal Lung Mass

    Fetal Lung Mass What Is a Fetal Lung Mass? A fetal lung mass is a lump that grows inside or next to an unborn baby's lung. What Happens With a Fetal Lung Mass? When an unborn baby's lungs form during pregnancy, they grow in parts called lobes. Each lobe connects to the airway so air can move in and out of it when the baby starts breathing after birth. A fetal lung mass can cause problems before the baby is born ...
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  • Gastroschisis

    Gastroschisis What Is Gastroschisis? Gastroschisis (gast-roh-SKEE-sis) is when a baby is born with the intestines sticking out through a hole in the belly wall near the umbilical cord. Sometimes other organs also stick out. It's a life-threatening condition that needs treatment right away. What Happens With Gastroschisis? During normal prenatal development: As the organs inside an unborn baby's belly are ...
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  • Undifferentiated Embryonal Sarcoma of the Liver (UESL)

    Undifferentiated Embryonal Sarcoma of the Liver (UESL) What Is Undifferentiated Embryonal Sarcoma of the Liver (UESL)? Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL) is a rare kind of liver cancer that happens mostly in children. What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Undifferentiated Embryonal Sarcoma of the Liver (UESL)? Many children with UESL have no symptoms. Others may have one or more of these signs: a lump in the belly, or a bigger belly ...
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